All about Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Types

Cervical cancer is the most common type of cancer among women today. It happens when the cells in the cervix – the lower portion of the uterus which connects with the vagina – begin to suddenly change.

In most cases, cervical cancer starts to happen in the cells of the upper layer of the cervix and later spreads to other parts such as the vagina, rectum, bladder, liver, and lungs.

In the initial stages, there are hardly any symptoms as they appear mostly at later stages and thus the condition goes unnoticed early on.
 

Symptoms that should ring a bell

The most common symptoms are:

Risk factors for cervical cancer

In most women, cervical cancer is caused by two types of human papillomavirus (HPV) – HPV 16 and HPV 18 – which gets transmitted via sexual intercourse. There are other risk factors:

How to prevent cervical cancer?

 

HPV vaccine

Taking an HPV shot reduces the chances of developing the condition.
 

Pap test

Regular Pap tests can help detect the condition at early stages.
 

Safe sex

Practicing safe sex can significantly reduce the risk.
 

Quit smoking

If you smoke, quitting will help in the condition’s prevention.

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