Many women suffer from PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome) and PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease) these days. While symptoms are somewhat similar, and both the conditions contribute to infertility, the two are very much different, and because of unawareness they are used interchangeably a lot of times or considered the same health issue.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is an endocrine disorder of the reproductive system, causing hormonal imbalance. Women who have PCOS have at least two of the below-mentioned symptoms that impact ovulation and ovaries:
- They may have irregular menstrual periods
- They may have cysts in the ovaries
- May have high levels of male hormone (androgen)
The ovaries produce a small number of androgens. The release of the hormone is high in women with PCOS. This excess amount of androgen can cause problems in egg development and its release, because of which cysts (small sacs that are filled with fluid) develop in the ovaries and they become enlarged. And because eggs are not released, it results in missed periods too. In this condition, the formation of cysts is comparatively a lot higher than in PCOD.
What is PCOD?
PCOD is a metabolic disorder in which there is an imbalance of hormones. This imbalance causes mature eggs to get collected in ovaries which turn into cysts. Junk food, stress, hormonal disturbances, and high insulin level cause the condition in women. PCOD is milder than PCOS. Women suffering from PCOD might have multiple cysts in the ovary but they may not exhibit any signs or symptoms.