Enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostate hyperplasia or BPH, commonly happens in men as they age. It mostly happens in men aged 50 or older.
The prostate is the gland in the male reproductive system. It is small and muscular. When the cells of the gland start to multiply, it results in an enlarged prostate. The enlargement creates pressure on the urethra as it narrows, as a result, the bladder has to contract more than normal to pass urine. It makes the bladder very sensitive and thicker. Even if there is a small amount of urine in the bladder, it begins to contract, making the person want to urinate frequently.
There are multiple symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
Symptoms that happen because of pressure on the urethra are called obstructive symptoms and they are:
- While urinating, you have to push
- You will face trouble in urinating
- The urine stream is light
- There could be breaks in urination; you will urinate and it will stop. In a few seconds, urination will happen to stop again. This will keep happening while you urinate.
In case there are changes in the bladder, then the following symptoms happen:
- You have a sudden urge to pee. This is medically known as ‘urgency’.
- You urinate more than 8 times during the day. This is medically known as ‘frequency’.
- You feel you have not emptied your bladder even after urinating
- During the night, you have to urinate multiple times.
In the case of advanced stage, the symptoms would be:
- You will feel pain while peeing
- There is blood in the urine
- You are not able to urinate at all
- You might get fever and feel chills