A migraine is a typical type of headache and is in consideration as a neurological symptom. It involves severe and throbbing pain generally on one side of the head. It happens due to abnormal brain activity. The attack always begins in the brain and includes nerve pathways and chemicals, which turn brain changes in the tissues and blood flow surrounding the brain. It is a belief that Migraine occurs more in females than in males. The smells that trigger Migraines are painful and cause harm to the patients and result in the increased suffering.
Types of Migraine
A. Migraine with aura – In this case, people with migraines experience an atmosphere.
B. Migraine without aura – These types of Migraines occur suddenly.
C. Chronic Migraine – Chronic migraines are those migraines that occur once a month or every fifteen days.
D. Status Migraine – This type of Migraine lasts for more than seventy-two hours. They are very painful.
Symptoms of Migraine
There are two main types of symptoms (a) Classic Migraine symptom (b) Common Migraine symptom. In classic migraines, symptoms accompany themselves by neurological symptoms, and most often, the vision is affected.
They include (a) eye pain, (b) blurred vision (c) seeing a flashlight when opening eyes. Another nervous system or classic symptom has dizziness, weaknesses, or numbness, but they do not occur continuously. The common symptoms include a dull headache, which gets worst slowly, throbbing pain on one side of the head, chills, fatigue, nausea, difficulties in sleeping, etc.
Causes of Migraine
Is it indeed a question for an ignorant person about the most common triggers for Migraine? You should know that a migraine attack has a variety of triggers that cause suffering. Anxiety and stress, rigorous exercises, changes in hormones or hormonal fluctuation in women, lack of sleep, intense light, noisy surroundings, smoke, dust, odours, and perfumes are various causes. In addition, some people get Migraines triggered by certain food products like chocolate, smoked fish and meat, fruits, processed fruits, vegetable flavours, etc.
Risk Factors for Migraine
It is difficult to predict when and who will get Migraines. But there are certain risk factors
(a) Genetics – Migraine is highly related to genes. One is likely to acquire the disease if someone in the family has the disease.
(b) Gender– Migraine happens more to women than men.
(c) Smoking and caffeine intake- one who smokes and takes excessive Caffeine has a greater risk of getting Migraine
(d) Stress– stress is also responsible for Migraine. Other medical conditions like depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, a sleep disorder can cause Migraines.
Exams and Tests
There are no specific tests for migraines. It is clinically diagnosed. If a person goes to a doctor, the doctor tries to determine the cause of the headache, whether it is muscular, sinuous affected, or brain damage. A CT or MRI is in requirement to rule out other conditions. Migraine detects itself in a clinical checkup.
There is no specific treatment for Migraines. You have to prevent the triggers so that Migraines do not occur. It is home management. One has to be very well-versed in what causes Migraine to them and take necessary precautions.
If the pain is too much, then the pain killers available over the counter. Nowadays, the doctors depending upon the associated condition, like blood pressure, cardiac disease, or neurological disorder, who are tending Migraine, are prescribing medicines like anti-depression, blood pressure medicine, or antiseizure strictly depending upon the condition.
Smell and Migraine
The smell is one of the critical agents in triggering Migraines. Almost fifty per cent of people who get Migraines report the reason to be smell and odour. Osmophobia, i.e., intolerance to smell, plays an essential triggering role in the case of Migraine. The aromas that induce Migraine are chemical cleaner, gasoline, perfumes, cigarette smoke, combustible gas, asphalt, detergent, leather paint, etc. During
Migraines, the smells become difficult for a person to smell. Headaches which causes due to smell, often trigger nausea too. When one exposes to an odour for a prolonged period, that odour can trigger a Migraine.
Osmophobia becomes very unpleasant during a migraine attack. For example, when a person attacks with Migraine, she or he gets disgusted with the slight smell of raw food or cooked food, or rotten food. Polish and chemical cleaner smell can make one feel very irritable or unbearable, which might increase the Migraine.
Why Does it Occur?
The hypersensitivity or disgust to smell occurs due to its relationship with the receptor in the brain. That is, the size of the olfactory in the brain gets diminished.
Studies have shown that people with Migraines who have an aversion towards the smell have smaller olfactory bulb volume than those who do not have Migraines.
How to Prevent Smell Induced Migraine?
These are the few following ways by which we can prevent smell-triggering migraines.
A. First of all, we have to identify which smells trigger Migraine because a smell-triggered Migraine keeps on reoccurring with the smell.
B. Avoid the environment where there are plenty of irritants, like avoiding places where chemicals are in use example, paint factory, perfumes stores, chemical factories, etc.
C. Adopt lifestyles that are free of triggers.
Migraine cannot be directly cured, but its effect can be reduced to relieve the patient from its suffering. In need, simply visit Ask Vaidya Online consultation app. Then, click on the booking appointment and consult the well-known doctors without even stepping out.