Bariatric surgery is a type of weight loss surgery to reduce obesity. It is advised to those people who have failed to lose weight with proper diet or exercise or to those who are at risk of developing serious health issues because of too much weight.
With bariatric surgery, changes are made to the digestive system so that intake of food can be limited or nutrition absorption can be reduced or both can be done, depending upon what’s best for the patient.
There are possible risks involved and the person who has undergone it has to stick to a strict diet and exercise regimen to maintain proper weight.
There are 4 types of bariatric surgery
Adjustable gastric banding
In this, an inflatable silicon band is used to divide the stomach into two parts to reduce its size. The smaller upper parts act as a new stomach. Because of this, the person feels full even after eating less quantity of food.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
This is done by removing a portion of the stomach, around 80% of it. Because the size of the stomach gets reduced substantially, the food intake also becomes very less.
Gastric Bypass Surgery
The procedure is a mix of restrictive and malabsorptive techniques. In this, the stomach is divided into two parts and the sealed upper part is connected to the lower part of the small intestine. The size of the stomach reduces and skipping a portion of the small intestine helps absorb fewer calories.
A non-surgical procedure, in this a deflated balloon is pushed in the stomach through the mouth. The balloon is then filled with a saline solution which gives the person a sense of fullness.