Forgetting things once a while is a normal phenomenon but if it happens quite often, it might well be a sign of something serious health issue such as dementia.
Dementia is not a disease in itself, but it is a term used to define multiple symptoms that are caused by impairment of one’s cognitive ability like memory loss, reduced thinking ability, communication, and mental power. A condition is a group of symptoms that happen due to other underlying health conditions. While symptoms of dementia can be managed with treatment, some of the diseases that cause them could not be cured.
What causes dementia?
- Neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s, and some forms of Multiple Sclerosis lead to dementia. Of these, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia worldwide.
- Brain injuries that happen due to traumatic events like accidents or falls.
- Vascular diseases that impact the brain’s blood circulation.
- Drug use or alcohol consumption for a long time
- Any kind of build-up of fluid in the brain, known as hydrocephalus
- Meningitis, HIV and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease that are some type of infections of the central nervous system
Who are at greater risk?
- Aging people
- Those who have a family history
- Those who are suffering from diabetes, sleep apnea, heart diseases, or Down syndrome
- Those whose diet is not good or those who smoke or consume too much alcohol
- Those who do not exercise much
Symptoms of dementia are loss of memory, disorientation, mood swings, difficulty in communicating things, not being able to complete tasks such as cooking, among others.