Coughing or wheezing are not always signs of asthma in children. They can also be signs of a health issue that many parents do not know about – allergic rhinitis, a reaction that takes place in the eyes, nose, and throat.
What causes allergic rhinitis in children?
The reaction of allergic rhinitis happens when the body releases histamine and certain chemicals upon coming in contact with allergens present in the air. While the allergens – pollen from flowers, trees, weeds; dust mites, molds, waste from cockroaches, or pet dander – do not cause any harm, they act as a trigger for those children who have allergies. In those kids, the body reacts considering the allergens harmful and gets into an attacking mode, which results in the release of chemicals and histamine.
The release of the chemicals causes allergy in the nasal tract and when the same thing happens in the breathing tubes of the lung, asthma symptoms get triggered such as wheezing and coughing.
A child can get allergic rhinitis any time during the year or when the season changes. It could run in families or may happen to those children in whose family there have been elders who have had asthma or some food allergy or eczema.
What are the symptoms?
It varies from child to child. The most common symptoms are:
- Bleeding from nose
- Runny or blocked nose
- Itching in nose, ears, eyes, and throat
- Itchy nose, throat, eyes, and ears
- Nose drainage
- Mouth breathing
The condition can be treated with the help of antihistamines, nasal sprays, allergy shots, medication, and decongestants depending upon the severity of the condition.