Kidney Failure: Types, Symptoms & Treatment

Kidney Failure

The kidneys are bean-shaped and a vital organ that filters the blood by removing waste and excess water, keeping the body balanced. Each kidney is 4-5 inches long; our blood passes through the kidney a few times a day so that waste can be flowed out in the bladder and can be passed out as urine, while purified blood flows back to the body.

When the kidneys stop filtering the blood, the waste will get stored in the human body itself. The organ might stop working entirely or partially. This leads to kidney failure in the majority of cases.
When the kidney stops working, the person may experience various symptoms about the type of kidney failure.

There are two types of kidney failures-

  • Acute kidney failure
  • Chronic kidney failure

Symptoms of Kidney Failure

Some minor symptoms-  

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Swelling
  • Cramps

Other than these, Acute kidney failure symptomsand Chronic symptoms are the significant ones.

Acute Kidney Failure Symptoms

The kidneys lose the ability to filter blood, and harmful waste accumulates, making it complicated to remove from the body. This, in turn, leads to chemical imbalance. 

The causes of kidney failure are many, and the symptoms depend accordingly. For example, bladder cancer, blood clots in the urinary tract, kidney stones, or damage in the bladder might be the reason why you are experiencing kidney failures. 

If someone is diabetic, elderly, and has high blood pressure or heart failure, the person mostly has a greater chance of kidney failure.

The complications usually develop in a few days. The patient needs intensive care and treatment. However, the condition is reversible and can be treated accordingly.

Few symptoms that you can look out to – 

  • Peeing less than usual
  • Swelling around the legs area as the waste accumulates.
  • Feeling tired
  • Itching around the area of swelling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever 
  • Rash
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Back pain is a very mild case
  • Feeling like throwing up just after or before eating.
  • In some cases nose, bleeding is also experienced.
  • Muscle stretch
  • Chest pain 

Depending upon your health symptoms, the doctor will start a physical examination and order blood, urine, and kidney tests.

Acute Kidney Failure Treatment

If you wonder how kidney failure can be treated, then here are a few remedies and treatments.

Diet: After examining your symptoms and tests, your doctor will prepare a diet plan by limiting the consumption of potassium in your body for the duration of treatment and would recommend something more beneficial like strawberries or apples. A healthy diet may not cure kidney failure but would help in the duration of treatment and recovery.

Medications: The doctor will prescribe medicines to help cure a few kidney failure problems and post-treatment issues.

Dialysis: If the kidneys are severely damaged, dialysis can be performed.  

To Avoid post-treatment complications, listen to the doctor’s advice and adhere to the medications and diet provided by him. In addition, keep exercising to stay healthy and keep on monitoring your health at different intervals and strictly avoid Alcohol.

Chronic Kidney Failure

The kidneys get permanently damaged for months and years, and there is a continuous loss of kidney function. Unlike acute kidney failure, this is irreversible.

Cases of chronic kidney failure are on the rise due to inappropriate lifestyles and unhealthy diets. As a result, even young people are seen suffering from it.

  • Anyone suffering from congenital diseases, diabetes, kidney stones, hypertension, or is taking any form of drugs is usually at high risk of getting chronic kidney failure.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure

Some of the symptoms in chronic are similar to acute, but there are few more seen in chronic’s case. 

  • Swelling of face 
  • Tiredness 
  • Anemia
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Frothy And painful urine
  • Insomnia 
  • Low concentrations
  • Bone and chest pain 
  • Vomiting

Symptoms vary from person to person. Managing Chronic kidney failure might be difficult as there are no specific treatments. It can be controlled to some extent but not fully treated.

To monitor it properly, getting chronic kidney failure diagnosed is vital at a very early stage. Then, it can be looked after with immediate attention, and any significant complications could be avoided. 

High-risk factor people should monitor kidney functions regularly. There may not be any specific treatment for it, but here are some ways by which you can keep it in control.

  • Control blood sugar level and blood pressure
  • Restrict high protein food 
  • Avoid potassium consumption as much as possible
  • Do not take alternative medicine until prescribed by doctors.
  • Quit Smoking
  • Quit Alcohol at any cost
  • Exercising daily  


If possible, get hemodialysis, wherein the blood can be purified by using an artificial kidney.

 A treatment that can be done at home is periodontal dialysis, which uses the membrane to remove waste by adding fluid to the abdomen.

The most feasible treatment can be replacing the diseased kidney with a potential donor.

If only one kidney is infected, it can be removed, too, as a person can survive with one kidney without any complications.

Kidney failure can be maintained if proper measures are taken daily. The more you delay, the more it will get infected and affect the organ. Limiting the unwanted things in your lifestyle is the key. For example, concentrate and keep yourself well equipped with medications.

Consult a doctor before opting for any treatment. Ask Vaidya Online Consultation App is one of the most trusted online consultation applications as you can get appointments by sitting at your home and consult online anytime and anywhere. 

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