Joint pain is becoming a lot common with the physical activity of people decreasing day by day. Important to note is that chronic joint pain is also a sign of Osteoarthritis, a degenerative disease.
A common type of arthritis, it mostly impacts joints of the hands, knees, hips, and spine. It happens due to the wear and tear of cartilage, something that protects the two bones that make a joint. As the cartilage breaks down, the bones begin to rub with each other which leads to pain, inflammation, and stiffness, among others.
Other than wear and tear of cartilage, the possible reasons for joint damage are:
- An injury that happened in the past
- Dislocated joints
- Injury of ligaments
- Torn cartilage
- Malformation of joints
- Bad posture
The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are stiffness, inflammation, pain, and tenderness in the area.
Treatment of Osteoarthritis
In this condition, the treatment revolves around the management of the symptoms. The kind of treatment depends upon where are the symptoms located and what is their severity. With over-the-counter medications, home remedies and lifestyle changes, symptoms like pain, stiffness, and inflammation can be managed.
Lifestyle changes for managing the condition include:
- Exercise, physical activity, and yoga
- Weight loss
- Adequate rest and sleep
- Hot and cold therapy
A healthy diet also plays an important role in the management of the symptoms as they lessen inflammation and swelling around the area of joint damage. Food items that are rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin D, beta-carotene, Omega 3 fatty acids are good for those who have osteoarthritis.