The sexual desire among women could fluctuate for many reasons. It isn’t a cause of worry as mostly it is temporary and high and lows in the feelings for sex is absolutely a normal thing.
However, if the loss of sexual desire in a woman is recurrent and the interest is declining, the condition is termed medically hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). The condition is also known as low libido. It could happen for multiple reasons – either physical or psychological or hormonal changes. Let’s take a look at some of them:
Physical and psychological causes that could lead to low libido in women
Health conditions or diseases
Arthritis, back pain, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, thyroid, endometriosis, fibroids, among others are known to affect the enjoyment of sex in women.
Consumption of oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and anti-seizure medicines can make women disinterested in sex. There are drugs prescribed for lowering blood pressure that can adversely affect libido in women.
Too much alcohol consumption and smoking also result in loss of sexual desire.
Stress & anxiety
Stress and anxiety cause the body to release hormones – cortisol and epinephrine. High levels of cortisol decrease sex drive in women.
Hormonal changes that could lead to low libido in women
During menopause, women’s estrogen levels fall. This makes women less interested in sex and even causes a dry vagina because of which women feel pain during intercourse.
Pregnancy & breastfeeding
After giving birth to a baby, or during the breastfeeding phase, women experience a lot of hormonal changes. Loss of libido can be an outcome of these too.