Urinary Incontinence: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Urinary Incontinence

Does anyone in your family or your friends are suffering from this disease? It becomes an embarrassing situation and can affect your daily routine. So, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor if the symptoms start showing more frequently. It can also be an alarming sign of cancer, kidney stone, Urinary infection, or enlarged prostate. Simple lifestyle changes, diet modification, and proper medication can help you prevent Urinary Incontinence.

Urinary Incontinence is a condition where people lose control of their bladder. As a result, there is a leakage of urine which can be temporary or chronic. According to a study conducted in John Hopkins medicine, it’s a common illness seen in the elderly over 50. But it is not necessarily the symptom of old age. Sometimes it can be severe, and you may empty your bladder. In some cases, it can be occasional. For example, there is a leakage of urine when you cough, sneeze, intensely laugh, or urge to urinate, but you couldn’t reach the toilet on time.

Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence

The severity of symptoms can vary from minor leakage to more frequent leakage. Urinary Incontinence symptoms include:

  • Stress Incontinence- There is a leakage of urine when the pressure is exerted on the bladder due to sneezing, coughing, exercising, heavy weight lifting, or intensely laugh.
  • Overflow incontinence- When your bladder doesn’t empty, you may feel the constant urine leakage. It is known as “Dribbling.”
  • Urge Incontinence- Sometimes, you may feel an intense and sudden urge to urinate, which leads to urine loss. You may not be able to reach the toilet. The causes of Urge Incontinence include infection or severe conditions like diabetes or neurological di sorder.
  • Functional Incontinence- It is a situation in which you may be unable to urinate due to physical or mental impairment.
  • Mixed Incontinence- As the name says, it is a condition when you experience more than one type of incontinence. Generally, it includes urging Incontinence and Stress Incontinence.

Causes of Urinary Incontinence

The common Urinary Incontinence causes include irresponsible lifestyle habits, some underlying medical complications, or physical factors. Doctors can help you identify the reason behind your Urinary Incontinence after conducting few medical tests like urine analysis, cystoscopy, etc.

  • Ageing- Your bladder muscles become weak when you grow old. Urinary Incontinence is a common illness in the elderly. It is treated by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and eating a balanced diet.

  • Enlarged prostate- In males, prostate glands surround the bladder. They enlarge when the men grow up. The prostate gland releases a fluid that nourishes the sperms. So, in that phase, they may experience Urinary Incontinence.

  • Cancer- Urinary Incontinence can be caused by bladder or prostate cancer. The medications used in cancer treatment could also trigger it. A benign tumour can be one of the reasons, as it blocks your urinary tract.

  • Temporary urinary incontinence happens due to the intake of food items that serve as diuretics. Diuretics like alcohol, coffee, spicy food, carbonated drinks, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, a large intake of Vitamin C, and some medicines can stimulate your bladder leading to incontinence. Urinary Tract Infections and Constipation are also the major causes.

  • Urinary continence can be persistent in case of underlying physical conditions.

Hormonal changes and increased pressure on the bladder during pregnancy can cause stress incontinence. The delivery of a child can weaken the vaginal and bladder muscles leading to incontinence. When women experience menopause, some hormonal changes can also lead to this condition.

Other factors that can increase the risk of urinary incontinence include family history, obesity, smoking, and drinking or gender. In addition, women are more likely to experience incontinence during childbirth, pregnancy, or menopause.

Treatment of Urinary Incontinence

The Urinary Incontinence treatment depends on the cause of the incontinence. For example, medical conditions like Cancers and tumours require surgery. While in other cases, simple medications can be helpful.

You can do some exercises like pelvic floor exercises which strengthen your bladder muscles. In some cases, it isn’t cured permanently. But you can control it by following medications and changing your bad lifestyle behaviours. It is advised by healthcare providers to maintain a balanced diet, increase fluid intake, schedule bathroom visits, and use absorbent pads if you are outside the house.

How to Prevent Urinary Incontinence?

You can reduce the risk of developing Urinary Incontinence by following simple lifestyle habits. One can cure almost all health complications by maintaining good lifestyle behaviours and taking a balanced diet. All you need to do is exercise daily, avoid smoking and drinking, and maintain a healthy weight. 


Urinary Incontinence is not a fatal health issue. You can be treated if you follow the prescription of your healthcare provider. But it would help if you immediately looked for a doctor’s help in case you feel these symptoms:

  • Difficulty in speaking or walking

  • Feeling weakness or tingling in any body part.

  • Frequent loss of bowel control

  • Confusion

  • Weakened vision

  • Loss of consciousness.

You can connect to a good Urologist or any medical expert through Ask Vaidya online consultation App. It is one of the best doctor’s appointment App where you can get treated by certified doctors without going out. You can have access to their services sitting at your home. We all know that the pandemic situation has become worst, especially after the second wave of coronavirus. So, the Ask Vaidya App is a good alternative to take medical treatments virtually. Lastly, stay safe and stay healthy!

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