It is said that “Face is the mirror of your body”, but what if you are dealing with a common skin issue – Acne.
If so, then in this article learn the common acne symptoms, their causes and when to see a doctor.
One of the most common skin condition various people search for on the web is – Acne. This not only ruins the skin but also reduces confidence and at times it can be painful too.
How exactly it happens? Our skin has small open pores or holes as you call them. They get blocked with oil (secreted by the sebaceous gland), dead skin, or bacteria.
However, usually is triggered during puberty or due to hormonal changes or around pregnancy when the oil gland gets stimulated. The blockage results in pimple and when this happens repeatedly, it may lead to acne.
Different Acne Symptoms:
The face is the area where acne mostly happens. However, it can also develop on the neck, upper back, chest, and shoulders. The condition begins with plugged pores and a lesion (damage on the skin) starts to appear. The symptoms could be categorized into the following:
- Red spots that are persistent and recurrent or pimples (swelling with pus)
- Swollen spots that are white in colour having no opening; they are generally called a whitehead
- Swollen spots that are dark in colour having an open pore at the top centre; are generally called a blackhead
- Lumps or swollen spots having pus; are also known as papules
- Lumps that are beneath the skin; are usually tender because of the presence of fluid and are inflamed (cystic lesions).
In some cases, acne doesn’t hurt, but in other instances, it can be painful too. It may also leave scars over the face, which can be a cause of enormous emotional distress.
It is advisable to see a dermatologist in case of persistent and recurrent acne. What you can normally do is to keep the face clean, and it is especially important for those with oily skin.
What Causes Acne?
There are main causes of acne, below have a look at them:
- Due to bacteria
- Inflammation can also cause acne
- Excess oil (sebum) production is another cause that leads to acne
- Hair follicles blocked by oil and the dead skin cells
Despite this, there are other reasons as well that causes or worse the acne, some of them are:
Hormonal changes. Androgens are hormones that raise in boys and ladies during puberty and cause the sebaceous organs to broaden and make more sebum. The hormone changes during midlife, especially in ladies, can prompt breakouts as well.
Particular medications – If incorporate medications that contain corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.
Diet. Studies show that eating certain food sources — including carbohydrate-rich food sources, like bread, chips and bagels — may demolish skin break out. A further report is expected to inspect whether a person with acne would profit by following explicit dietary limitations.
Stress. Stress doesn’t cause acne, but if having acne previously, then stress can make it worse or exacerbate it.
When to See a Specialist?
If following the self-care remedies won’t treat your acne, or wondering how to prevent acne then this the time you should see a doctor.
The person needs strong medication. In the event that acne is persistent or is extreme, you might need to look for clinical treatment from a specialist who has practical experience in the skin (dermatologist or pediatric dermatologist).
For some ladies, acne can continue for quite a long time, with flares normal seven days before the monthly cycle. This sort of skin acne out for clear up without treatment in ladies who use contraceptives.
In older people, an abrupt beginning of serious acne might be a sign of primary clinical consideration.
The Food and Medication Organization (FDA) cautions that some famous nonprescription acne cream, cleaning agents and other skin products can cause a serious reaction. This sort of reaction is very uncommon, so don’t complicate it for any redness, itchiness or irritation that happens in areas where you’ve applied prescriptions or items.
Look for emergency medical assistance if subsequent to utilizing a skin item you experience:
Swelling of the eyes, face, lips or tongue
So, this is all about Acne its symptoms, causes and how to prevent acne or when you need to consult a skin specialist.
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