What is angina and why does it need attention?

Pain or squeezing in the chest must not be ignored as they could be a potential sign of coronary artery disease.

Medically known as angina, it is pain, tightness, squeezing, heaviness, or pressure in the chest which happens due to reduced flow of blood to the heart. Sometimes it is difficult to differentiate between angina or other types of chest pain like that of the one happening due to indigestion. In case you are not able to identify what is causing chest pain, it is advisable to seek medical help as soon as possible.

What are the symptoms of angina?

Other than squeezing, tightness, or pain, there could be other related symptoms:

Types of angina


Stable angina

It happens when the heart exerts itself more and there is a regular pattern to it. The symptoms are relieved upon resting or relaxing.

Unstable angina

It happens even while resting and there is no regular pattern. The pain lasts longer and occurs due to blockage in the heart because of which the heart does not get blood. This could point towards a possible heart attack. This must be taken note of and medical attention must be sought immediately.

Microvascular angina

A type of cardiovascular disease, it affects the smallest arteries of the heart. It is more persistent than stable angina and the person experiencing it may also feel exhausted or experience shortness of breath and difficulty in sleeping.

Variant angina

This occurs due to a spasm in the arteries of the heart. The spasm could get triggered by cold, smoking, stress, or drug use. This is rare and usually occurs at midnight or early morning.

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