Heart Attack vs. Cardiac Arrest – Find Out the Differences

difference between heart attack and sudden cardiac arrest

Cardiac Arrest and Heart Attack are often mistaken as the same by people. A Heart attack occurs when the blood flow towards the heart is blocked, and cardiac Arrest happens when one’s heart malfunctions and stops beating unexpectedly. A heart attack is due to a circulation issue, and cardiac Arrest can be sudden.

Public awareness of CPR and Automated External Defibrillator (AEDs) keeps growing, but are you capable tell the difference between heart attack and sudden cardiac Arrest? Have you figured out when to do CPR or make use of an AED?

The general public should understand the Sudden Cardiac Arrest, knowing of AEDs, carrying out bystander CPR before the paramedics arrive, and with the defibrillator to shock the target when needed. That they are not breathing, they are struggling with cardiac Arrest, and they need instant CPR and defibrillation to endure if you witness a young adult or person suddenly collapse and locate. SCA takes one life every 90 seconds. Additionally, the total number of cases of stroke in adults below 40 is rising steadily. So, both these cases are life-threatening.

What is a Heart Attack?

A heart attack occurs when an artery is blocked and oxygen-rich blood is not supplied to the organs. In that case, the blocked artery may not be reopened quickly. As a result, part of the heart, normally nourished by that artery, begins to perish. The more delayed treatment is, the greater the damage.

Symptoms of a heart attack may be instant and intense. However, symptoms start slowly and continue all night, times, or days before a heart attack. But unlike SCA, the heart doesn’t stop beating suddenly in this case. The heart attack symptoms in women are different than in men. Many people also experience Silent Heart attack also, this is more dangerous than the normal heart attack.

Symptoms of a Heart Attack

Folks experiencing a heart attack stay conscious and sometimes awake. This is because there’s usually one significant blockage that some blood can flow around within a severe heart attack. The blood supply isn’t as strong, but blood reaches the organs, so the person stays awake. You could experience these symptoms over hours, times, or months for those who have a heart attack:

• Chest pain.
• Sickness or symptoms being flu-like.
• Shortness of breath.
• Stomach pain.
• Sweating.
• Weakness.

What is Cardiac Arrest?

Sudden Cardiac Arrest occurs unexpectedly without warning. It is triggered by an electrical breakdown in the heart, which causes an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia). As a result, our heart cannot pump blood to the brain, lungs, and other organs. The person loses consciousness and has no pulse after a few seconds. Death happens within minutes if the victim doesn’t get treatment.

Symptoms of Sudden Cardiac Arrest

People lose consciousness within minutes because of the lack of blood supply to the brain. More than half of people who experience SCA do not have symptoms. Some common symptoms are:

• Blue discolouration associated with the face.
• Breathing difficulty.
• Chest pains.
• Dizziness as the heart shakes.
• Feeling uneasy.

Is There a Link?

Cardiac Arrest and heart attack are indeed interlinked. Sudden cardiac Arrest may occur after a heart attack or during recovery. Heart attacks increase the threat of cardiac Arrest.

Various other heart conditions may also disrupt the heartbeat and trigger sudden Cardiac Arrest. These are a thickened heart muscle mass (cardiomyopathy), heart failure, arrhythmias, specifically Ventricular Fibrillation, and long Q-T syndrome. Taking quick actions can help to save lives.

Which is More Dangerous: Heart Attack or Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac Arrest is more dangerous compared to a heart attack. During Cardiac Arrest, our heart stops pumping blood suddenly. The person experiencing asystole loses consciousness within a few seconds.

It can be fatal if not treated quickly because other organs of the body stop receiving oxygen. In addition, you can be prone to neurological injuries even after you survive cardiac Arrest. Facts say that SCA is deadly 89% of the time.

Heart attack is also called the Silent Killer. Some common symptoms include pain in the left shoulder, jaw, neck, light-headedness, short breaths, and sweating. But it doesn’t cause a person to pass out, as in the case of Cardiac Arrest.

The heart attacks in which the artery is completely blocked can be dangerous, and the person needs to be treated quickly. Heart attacks are fatal in 14% of the cases. That’s why it is crucial to understand the difference between sudden cardiac Arrest and heart attack so that the proper medication is applied on time.

Summing Up

All types of heart ailments can be fatal. So, it is important to be cautious of the symptoms. Some lifestyle diseases like diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure, can increase the risk of heart attacks or cardiac arrests. You must consult a doctor if you feel uneasy. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and exercising regularly can help you avoid these problems to a great extent. Also, it is important to get monthly consultations from doctors to stay away from these kinds of mishappenings.

Now you can ask doctors online through Ask Vaidya online consultation app. You don’t have to worry a bit when the certified doctors on Ask Vaidya are ready to help you. You don’t have to go out to look for a doctor amid this covid-19 when the doctors are available at your fingertips. So, what are you waiting for! Book your appointment now! 

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